Articoli scientifici



1. Al-Ghadban S, Diaz ZT, Singer HJ, Mert KB, Bunnell BA. (2020). Increase in leptin and PPAR-gamma gene expression in lipedema adipocytes differentiated in vitro from adipose-derived stem cells. Cells 9, 210.3390/cells9020430 E430 [pii] .

2. Caruana M. (2020). Lipedema: A commonly misdiagnosed fat disorder. Plast Surg Nurs 40, 2106-109 10.1097/PSN.0000000000000316 [doi] .

3. Crescenzi R, Donahue PMC, Mahany H, Lants SK, Donahue MJ. (2020). CEST MRI quantification procedures for breast cancer treatment-related lymphedema therapy evaluation. Magn Reson Med 83, 51760-1773 10.1002/mrm.28031 [doi] .

4. Crescenzi R, Donahue PMC, Petersen KJ, Garza M, Patel N, Lee C, Beckman JA, Donahue MJ. (2020). Upper and lower extremity measurement of tissue sodium and fat content in patients with lipedema. Obesity (Silver Spring) 28, 5907-915 10.1002/oby.22778 [doi] .

5. De Vrieze T, Frippiat J, Deltombe T, Gebruers N, Tjalma WAA, Nevelsteen I, Thomis S, Vandermeeren L, Belgrado JP, De Groef A, Devoogdt N. (2020). Cross-cultural validation of the french version of the lymphedema functioning, disability and health questionnaire for upper limb lymphedema (lymph-ICF-UL). Disabil Rehabil1-8 10.1080/09638288.2020.1716271 [doi] .

6. Dean SM, Valenti E, Hock K, Leffler J, Compston A, Abraham WT. (2020). The clinical characteristics of lower extremity lymphedema in 440 patients. J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord S2213-333X(19)30637-7 [pii] .

7. Di Renzo L, Gualtieri P, Alwardat N, De Santis G, Zomparelli S, Romano L, Marchetti M, Michelin S, Capacci A, Piccioni A, Costacurta M, Tarsitano MG, Franceschi F, Merra G. (2020). The role of IL-6 gene polymorphisms in the risk of lipedema. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 24, 63236-3244 20690 [pii] .

8. Duygu E, Bakar Y, Keser I. (2020). An important tool in lymphedema management: Validation of turkish version of the patient benefit index-lymphedema. Lymphat Res Biol 18, 149-55 10.1089/lrb.2018.0036 [doi] .

9. Felmerer G, Stylianaki A, Hagerling R, Wang A, Strobel P, Hollmen M, Lindenblatt N, Gousopoulos E. (2020). Adipose tissue hypertrophy, an aberrant biochemical profile and distinct gene expression in lipedema. J Surg Res 253, 294-303 S0022-4804(20)30189-X [pii] .

10. Fetzer A. (2020). Women in dire need: The far-reaching impact of lipoedema on women’s lives. Br J Community Nurs 25, Sup4S6-S9 10.12968/bjcn.2020.25.Sup4.S6 [doi] .

11. Gould DJ, El-Sabawi B, Goel P, Badash I, Colletti P, Patel KM. (2020). Uncovering lymphatic transport abnormalities in patients with primary lipedema. J Reconstr Microsurg 36, 2136-141 10.1055/s-0039-1697904 [doi] .

12. Ho YC and Srinivasan RS. (2020). Lymphatic vasculature in energy homeostasis and obesity. Front Physiol 11, 3 10.3389/fphys.2020.00003 [doi] .

13. Kurtkoti R. (2020). Chronic oedema: Paradigm shift in lipoedema. Br J Community Nurs 25, Sup4S5 10.12968/bjcn.2020.25.Sup4.S5 [doi] .

14. Nemes A, Kormanyos A, Domsik P, Kalapos A, Gyenes N, Kemeny L, Szolnoky G. (2020). Are increased left ventricular strains compensatory effects in lipedema? detailed analysis from the three-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiographic MAGYAR-path study. J Clin Ultrasound 10.1002/jcu.22855 [doi] .

15. Paling I and Macintyre L. (2020). Survey of lipoedema symptoms and experience with compression garments. Br J Community Nurs 25, Sup4S17-S22 10.12968/bjcn.2020.25.Sup4.S17 [doi] .

16. Pfister C, Dawczynski H, Schingale FJ. (2020). Selenium deficiency in lymphedema and lipedema-A retrospective cross-sectional study from a specialized clinic. Nutrients 12, 510.3390/nu12051211 E1211 [pii] .

17. Priglinger E, Strohmeier K, Weigl M, Lindner C, Auer D, Gimona M, Barsch M, Jacak J, Redl H, Grillari J, Sandhofer M, Hackl M, Wolbank S. (2020). SVF-derived extracellular vesicles carry characteristic miRNAs in lipedema. Sci Rep 10, 17211-020-64215-w 10.1038/s41598-020-64215-w [doi] .

18. Sandhofer M, Hanke CW, Habbema L, Podda M, Rapprich S, Schmeller W, Herbst K, Anderhuber F, Pilsl U, Sattler G, Sandhofer M, Moosbauer W, Sattler S, Schauer P, Faulhaber J, Maier S, Barsch M, Mindt S, Halk AB. (2020). Prevention of progression of lipedema with liposuction using tumescent local anesthesia: Results of an international consensus conference. Dermatol Surg 46, 2220-228 10.1097/DSS.0000000000002019 [doi] .

19. Schneider R. (2020). Low-frequency vibrotherapy considerably improves the effectiveness of manual lymphatic drainage (MLD) in patients with lipedema: A two-armed, randomized, controlled pragmatic trial. Physiother Theory Pract 36, 163-70 10.1080/09593985.2018.1479474 [doi] .

20. van de Pas CB, Boonen RS, Stevens S, Willemsen S, Valkema R, Neumann M. (2020). Does tumescent liposuction damage the lymph vessels in lipoedema patients? Phlebology 35, 4231-236 10.1177/0268355519885217 [doi] .

21. Witte T, Dadras M, Heck FC, Heck M, Habermalz B, Welss S, Lehnhardt M, Behr B. (2020). Water-jet-assisted liposuction for the treatment of lipedema: Standardized treatment protocol and results of 63 patients. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg S1748-6815(20)30119-4 [pii] .

22. Al-Ghadban S, Cromer W, Allen M, Ussery C, Badowski M, Harris D, Herbst KL. (2019). Dilated blood and lymphatic microvessels, angiogenesis, increased macrophages, and adipocyte hypertrophy in lipedema thigh skin and fat tissue. J Obes 2019, 8747461 10.1155/2019/8747461 [doi] .

23. Alwardat N, Di Renzo L, Alwardat M, Romano L, De Santis GL, Gualtieri P, Carrano E, Nocerino P, De Lorenzo A. (2019). The effect of lipedema on health-related quality of life and psychological status: A narrative review of the literature. Eat Weight Disord 10.1007/s40519-019-00703-x [doi] .

24. Bauer AT, von Lukowicz D, Lossagk K, Aitzetmueller M, Moog P, Cerny M, Erne H, Schmauss D, Duscher D, Machens HG. (2019). New insights on lipedema: The enigmatic disease of the peripheral fat. Plast Reconstr Surg 144, 61475-1484 10.1097/PRS.0000000000006280 [doi] .

25. Bauer AT, von Lukowicz D, Lossagk K, Hopfner U, Kirsch M, Moog P, Bauer H, Machens HG, Schmauss D. (2019). Adipose stem cells from lipedema and control adipose tissue respond differently to adipogenic stimulation in vitro. Plast Reconstr Surg 144, 3623-632 10.1097/PRS.0000000000005918 [doi] .

26. Buso G, Depairon M, Tomson D, Raffoul W, Vettor R, Mazzolai L. (2019). Lipedema: A call to action! Obesity (Silver Spring) 27, 101567-1576 10.1002/oby.22597 [doi] .

27. Campisi CC, Ryan M, di Summa P, Scarabosio A, Campisi CS, Campisi C. (2019). Inclusion of targeted skin products in the pre-surgical treatment regimen of peripheral lymphedema & lipedema. Lymphology 52, 4194-201.

28. Cooper-Stanton G. (2019). Adjustable compression devices for chronic oedema and lipoedema: Purpose, selection and application. Br J Community Nurs 24, 6278-282 10.12968/bjcn.2019.24.6.278 [doi] .

29. Cooper-Stanton G. (2019). Flat knit hosiery: Purpose, selection and application in chronic oedema and lipoedema. Br J Community Nurs 24, Sup4S12-S16 10.12968/bjcn.2019.24.Sup4.S12 [doi] .

30. Crescenzi R, Donahue PMC, Weakley S, Garza M, Donahue MJ, Herbst KL. (2019). Lipedema and dercum’s disease: A new application of bioimpedance. Lymphat Res Biol 17, 6671-679 10.1089/lrb.2019.0011 [doi] .

31. Etzel L, Koban KC, Li Z, Frank K, Giunta RE, Schenck TL. (2019). Whole-body surface assessment – implementation and experiences with 360 degrees 3D whole-body scans: Opportunities to objectively monitor the extremities and the body trunk. Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir 51, 4240-248 10.1055/a-0836-2683 [doi] .

32. Fernandez-Canga P, Rodriguez-Diaz E, Carvajal-Alvarez M, Gonzalvo-Rodriguez P, Vazquez-Osorio I. (2019). Lipoedematous scalp. Clin Exp Dermatol 44, 6684-686 10.1111/ced.13882 [doi] .

33. Gensior MHL and Cornely M. (2019). Pain in lipoedema, fat in lipoedema and its consequences: Results of a patient survey based on a pain questionnaire. Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir 51, 4249-254 10.1055/a-0942-9607 [doi] .

34. Iker E, Mayfield CK, Gould DJ, Patel KM. (2019). Characterizing lower extremity lymphedema and lipedema with cutaneous ultrasonography and an objective computer-assisted measurement of dermal echogenicity. Lymphat Res Biol 17, 5525-530 10.1089/lrb.2017.0090 [doi] .

35. Motamedi M, Herold C, Allert S. (2019). Prior cost approval for treatment of lipoedema: Things to consider. Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir 51, 2139-143 10.1055/a-0826-4844 [doi] .

36. Nemes A, Kovacs Z, Kormanyos A, Domsik P, Kalapos A, Piros GA, Kemeny L, Forster T, Szolnoky G. (2019). The mitral annulus in lipedema: Insights from the three-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiographic MAGYAR-path study. Echocardiography 36, 81482-1491 10.1111/echo.14429 [doi] .

37. Paolacci S, Precone V, Acquaviva F, Chiurazzi P, Fulcheri E, Pinelli M, Buffelli F, Michelini S, Herbst KL, Unfer V, Bertelli M, GeneOb Project. (2019). Genetics of lipedema: New perspectives on genetic research and molecular diagnoses. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 23, 135581-5594 18292 [pii] .

38. Peprah K and MacDougall D. (2019). NBK545818 [bookaccession] .

39. Pouwels S, Smelt HJ, Said M, Smulders JF, Hoogbergen MM. (2019). Mobility problems and weight regain by misdiagnosed lipoedema after bariatric surgery: Illustrating the medical and legal aspects. Cureus 11, 8e5388 10.7759/cureus.5388 [doi] .

40. Prave F and Hoffmann K. (2019). The swollen leg in vascular medical practice. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 144, 6398-410 10.1055/a-0379-9997 [doi] .

41. Precone V, Barati S, Paolacci S, Salgarello M, Visconti G, Gentileschi S, Guerri G, Gagliardi L, Aquilanti B, Matera G, Velluti V, Miggiano GAD, Herbst KL, Bertelli M. (2019). Genetic syndromes with localized subcutaneous fat tissue accumulation. Acta Biomed 90, 10-S90-92 10.23750/abm.v90i10-S.8767 [doi] .

42. Redondo Galan C, Garcia Bascones M, Marquina Valero MA. (2019). Lipoedema: Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment. A literature review. Rehabilitacion (Madr) 53, 2104-110 S0048-7120(18)30072-0 [pii] .

43. Sadeghi R. (2019). Quantitative evaluation is essential for lymphoscintigraphy interpretation: Comment on forner-cordero et al. study. Rev Esp Med Nucl Imagen Mol 38, 2112 S2253-654X(18)30208-7 [pii] .

44. Sugimoto D, Tamura Y, Takeno K, Kaga H, Someya Y, Kakehi S, Funayama T, Furukawa Y, Suzuki R, Kadowaki S, Nishitani-Yokoyama M, Shimada K, Daida H, Aoki S, Kanazawa A, Kawamori R, Watada H. (2019). Clinical features of nonobese, apparently healthy, japanese men with reduced adipose tissue insulin sensitivity. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 104, 62325-2333 10.1210/jc.2018-02190 [doi] .

45. Wollina U. (2019). Lipedema-an update. Dermatol Ther 32, 2e12805 10.1111/dth.12805 [doi] .

46. Wollina U and Heinig B. (2019). Treatment of lipedema by low-volume micro-cannular liposuction in tumescent anesthesia: Results in 111 patients. Dermatol Ther 32, 2e12820 10.1111/dth.12820 [doi] .

47. Wollina U, Koch A, Heinig B. (2019). Acute edema induced by toluidine blue extravasation-first report. Wien Med Wochenschr 169, 1-241-43 10.1007/s10354-018-0666-7 [doi] .

48. Agharbi FZ. (2018). Lymphedema complicated with verrucous papillomatosis. Pan Afr Med J 31, 251 10.11604/pamj.2018.31.251.16166 [doi] .

49. Augustin M, Conde Montero E, Hagenstrom K, Herberger K, Blome C. (2018). Validation of a short-form of the freiburg life quality assessment for lymphoedema (FLQA-LS) instrument. Br J Dermatol 179, 61329-1333 10.1111/bjd.16902 [doi] .

50. Canning C and Bartholomew JR. (2018). Lipedema. Vasc Med 23, 188-90 10.1177/1358863X17739698 [doi] .

51. Caruana M. (2018). Lipedema: A commonly misdiagnosed fat disorder. Plast Surg Nurs 38, 4149-152 10.1097/PSN.0000000000000245 [doi] .

52. Chaplain L, Moguelet P, Barbaud A, Senet P. (2018). Scalp lipedema. Ann Dermatol Venereol 145, 2109-112 S0151-9638(17)30375-7 [pii] .

53. Crescenzi R, Donahue PM, Braxton VG, Scott AO, Mahany HB, Lants SK, Donahue MJ. (2018). 3.0 T relaxation time measurements of human lymph nodes in adults with and without lymphatic insufficiency: Implications for magnetic resonance lymphatic imaging. NMR Biomed 31, 12e4009 10.1002/nbm.4009 [doi] .

54. Crescenzi R, Marton A, Donahue PMC, Mahany HB, Lants SK, Wang P, Beckman JA, Donahue MJ, Titze J. (2018). Tissue sodium content is elevated in the skin and subcutaneous adipose tissue in women with lipedema. Obesity (Silver Spring) 26, 2310-317 10.1002/oby.22090 [doi] .

55. Depairon M, Tomson D, Lessert C, Mazzolai L. (2018). Lipedema, the unknown. Praxis (Bern 1994) 107, 201071-1076 10.1024/1661-8157/a003088 [doi] .

56. Dudek JE, Bialaszek W, Ostaszewski P, Smidt T. (2018). Depression and appearance-related distress in functioning with lipedema. Psychol Health Med 23, 7846-853 10.1080/13548506.2018.1459750 [doi] .

57. Favre L. (2018). Lipedema: Which etiological pathways? Praxis (Bern 1994) 107, 201077-1080 10.1024/1661-8157/a003085 [doi] .

58. Forner-Cordero I, Olivan-Sasot P, Ruiz-Llorca C, Munoz-Langa J. (2018). Lymphoscintigraphic findings in patients with lipedema. Rev Esp Med Nucl Imagen Mol 37, 6341-348 S2253-654X(18)30096-9 [pii] .

59. Ghods M and Kruppa P. (2018). Surgical treatment of lipoedema. Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir 50, 6400-411 10.1055/a-0767-6808 [doi] .

60. Giunta RE. (2018). Focus “liposuction in lipedema”. Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir 50, 6379-0806-2397. Epub 2019 Jan 8 10.1055/a-0806-2397 [doi] .

61. Gould DJ, Mehrara BJ, Neligan P, Cheng MH, Patel KM. (2018). Lymph node transplantation for the treatment of lymphedema. J Surg Oncol 118, 5736-742 10.1002/jso.25180 [doi] .

62. Ibarra M, Eekema A, Ussery C, Neuhardt D, Garby K, Herbst KL. (2018). Subcutaneous adipose tissue therapy reduces fat by dual X-ray absorptiometry scan and improves tissue structure by ultrasound in women with lipoedema and dercum disease. Clin Obes 8, 6398-406 10.1111/cob.12281 [doi] .

63. Koban KC, Titze V, Etzel L, Frank K, Schenck T, Giunta R. (2018). Quantitative volumetric analysis of the lower extremity: Validation against established tape measurement and water displacement. Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir 50, 6393-399 10.1055/a-0770-3445 [doi] .

64. Mutluer FO, Indelen C, Dincer N, Aslan G, Ates MS. (2018). Unilateral leg edema: Is it always vascular? Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars 46, 8706-709 10.5543/tkda.2018.10.5543/tkda.2018.85601 [doi] .

65. Nemes A, Kormanyos A, Domsik P, Kalapos A, Kemeny L, Forster T, Szolnoky G. (2018). Left ventricular rotational mechanics differ between lipedema and lymphedema: Insights from the three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiographic MAGYAR-path study. Lymphology 51, 3102-108.

66. Pouwels S, Huisman S, Smelt HJM, Said M, Smulders JF. (2018). Lipoedema in patients after bariatric surgery: Report of two cases and review of literature. Clin Obes 8, 2147-150 10.1111/cob.12239 [doi] .

67. Reich-Schupke S, Mohren E, Stucker M. (2018). Survey on the diagnostics and therapy of patients with lymphedema and lipedema. Hautarzt 69, 6471-477 10.1007/s00105-018-4151-4 [doi] .

68. Rey LE, Koch N, Raffoul W. (2018). Surgical treatment for lipedema. Praxis (Bern 1994) 107, 201081-1084 10.1024/1661-8157/a003091 [doi] .

69. Romeijn JRM, de Rooij MJM, Janssen L, Martens H. (2018). Exploration of patient characteristics and quality of life in patients with lipoedema using a survey. Dermatol Ther (Heidelb) 8, 2303-311 10.1007/s13555-018-0241-6 [doi] .

70. Schwahn-Schreiber C, Breu FX, Rabe E, Buschmann I, Doller W, Lulay GR, Miller A, Valesky E, Reich-Schupke S. (2018). S1 guideline on intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC). Hautarzt 69, 8662-673 10.1007/s00105-018-4219-1 [doi] .

71. Shaikh S, Waxler JL, Lee H, Grinke K, Garry J, Pober BR, Stanley TL. (2018). Glucose and lipid metabolism, bone density, and body composition in individuals with williams syndrome. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 89, 5596-604 10.1111/cen.13829 [doi] .

72. Shavit E, Wollina U, Alavi A. (2018). Lipoedema is not lymphoedema: A review of current literature. Int Wound J 15, 6921-928 10.1111/iwj.12949 [doi] .

73. Tehler M and Bergert P. (2018). Lipedema – patient’s view. Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir 50, 6412-413 10.1055/a-0762-0763 [doi] .

74. Torre YS, Wadeea R, Rosas V, Herbst KL. (2018). Lipedema: Friend and foe. Horm Mol Biol Clin Investig 33, 110.1515/hmbci-2017-0076 10.1515/hmbci-2017-0076 [doi] .

75. Wiedner M, Aghajanzadeh D, Richter DF. (2018). Lipedema – basics and current hypothesis of pathomechanism. Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir 50, 6380-385 10.1055/a-0767-6842 [doi] .

76. Wollina U and Heinig B. (2018). Differential diagnostics of lipedema and lymphedema : A practical guideline. Hautarzt 69, 121039-1047 10.1007/s00105-018-4304-5 [doi] .

77. Wollina U and Heinig B. (2018). Differential diagnostics of lipedema and lymphedema : A practical guideline. Z Rheumatol 77, 9799-807 10.1007/s00393-018-0546-y [doi] .

78. Zetzmann K, Ludolph I, Horch RE, Boos AM. (2018). Imaging for treatment planning in lipo-and lymphedema. Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir 50, 6386-392 10.1055/a-0739-7911 [doi] .

79. Ali A, Theobald G, Arshad MA. (2017). Fat attacks!: A case of fat embolisation syndrome postliposuction. BMJ Case Rep 2017, 10.1136/bcr-2017-220789 bcr-2017-220789 [pii] .

80. Bellini E, Grieco MP, Raposio E. (2017). A journey through liposuction and liposculture: Review. Ann Med Surg (Lond) 24, 53-60 10.1016/j.amsu.2017.10.024 [doi] .

81. Beltran K and Herbst KL. (2017). Differentiating lipedema and dercum’s disease. Int J Obes (Lond) 41, 2240-245 10.1038/ijo.2016.205 [doi] .

82. Cooper G. (2017). Genetics and lymphoedema: A future yet to be fully discovered. Br J Community Nurs 22, 1646-648 10.12968/bjcn.2017.22.1.646 [doi] .

83. Dadras M, Mallinger PJ, Corterier CC, Theodosiadi S, Ghods M. (2017). Liposuction in the treatment of lipedema: A longitudinal study. Arch Plast Surg 44, 4324-331 10.5999/aps.2017.44.4.324 [doi] .

84. Elwell R, Heal D, Lister L. (2017). Impact of JOBST((R)) elvarex((R)) knee and elbow functional zones on quality of life. Br J Community Nurs 22, Sup10S58-S67 10.12968/bjcn.2017.22.Sup10.S58 [doi] .

85. Greene A and Meskell P. (2017). The impact of lower limb chronic oedema on patients’ quality of life. Int Wound J 14, 3561-568 10.1111/iwj.12648 [doi] .

86. Halk AB and Damstra RJ. (2017). First dutch guidelines on lipedema using the international classification of functioning, disability and health. Phlebology 32, 3152-159 10.1177/0268355516639421 [doi] .

87. Hardy D and Williams A. (2017). Best practice guidelines for the management of lipoedema. Br J Community Nurs 22, Sup10S44-S48 10.12968/bjcn.2017.22.Sup10.S44 [doi] .

88. Hellgren M. (2017). Lakartidningen 114, EXYI EXYI [pii] .

89. Herberger K, Blome C, Heyer K, Ellis F, Munter KC, Augustin M. (2017). Quality of life in patients with primary and secondary lymphedema in the community. Wound Repair Regen 25, 3466-473 10.1111/wrr.12529 [doi] .

90. Herbst KL, Ussery C, Eekema A. (2017). Pilot study: Whole body manual subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) therapy improved pain and SAT structure in women with lipedema. Horm Mol Biol Clin Investig 33, 210.1515/hmbci-2017-0035 10.1515/hmbci-2017-0035 [doi] .

91. Koyama H, Tanaka T, Imaeda K. (2017). Suspected case of lipoedema in japanese woman with a characteristic histology in skin biopsy. BMJ Case Rep 2017, 10.1136/bcr-2017-221049 bcr-2017-221049 [pii] .

92. Law S and Jayarajan R. (2017). Lipoedematous scalp: Is there an association with fatty infiltration of the parotid? BMJ Case Rep 2017, 10.1136/bcr-2017-220808 bcr-2017-220808 [pii] .

93. Lee N and Lawrence S. (2017). Haddenham easywrap: The latest innovation in the management of lymphoedema. Br J Community Nurs 22 Suppl 5, Sup5S14-S21 10.12968/bjcn.2017.22.Sup5.S14 [doi] .

94. Lee N, Pugh S, Cooper R. (2017). Haddenham easywrap as part of self-management in lymphoedema and lipoedema: The patient perspective. Br J Community Nurs 22, Sup10S50-S57 10.12968/bjcn.2017.22.Sup10.S50 [doi] .

95. Mellgrim S and Perbeck L. (2017). Lakartidningen 114, EYIR EYIR [pii] .

96. Perbeck L and Mellgrim S. (2017). Lipedema an often overlooked but treatable disease. Lakartidningen 114, ETHF ETHF [pii] .

97. Priglinger E, Wurzer C, Steffenhagen C, Maier J, Hofer V, Peterbauer A, Nuernberger S, Redl H, Wolbank S, Sandhofer M. (2017). The adipose tissue-derived stromal vascular fraction cells from lipedema patients: Are they different? Cytotherapy 19, 7849-860 S1465-3249(17)30530-3 [pii] .

98. Ratchford EV and Evans NS. (2017). Approach to lower extremity edema. Curr Treat Options Cardiovasc Med 19, 316 10.1007/s11936-017-0518-6 [doi] .

99. Reich-Schupke S, Schmeller W, Brauer WJ, Cornely ME, Faerber G, Ludwig M, Lulay G, Miller A, Rapprich S, Richter DF, Schacht V, Schrader K, Stucker M, Ure C. (2017). S1 guidelines: Lipedema. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 15, 7758-767 10.1111/ddg.13036 [doi] .

100. Szolnoky G, Ifeoluwa A, Tuczai M, Varga E, Varga M, Dosa-Racz E, Kemeny L. (2017). Measurement of capillary fragility: A useful tool to differentiate lipedema from obesity? Lymphology 50, 4203-209.

101. Todd M, Key M, Rice M, Salmon M. (2017). Audit of skin changes present in referrals to a specialist lymphoedema service. Br J Community Nurs 22 Suppl 5, Sup5S42-S47 10.12968/bjcn.2017.22.Sup5.S42 [doi] .

102. Vignes S. (2017). Lymphedema: From diagnosis to treatment. Rev Med Interne 38, 297-105 S0248-8663(16)30470-2 [pii] .

103. Waxler JL, Guardino C, Feinn RS, Lee H, Pober BR, Stanley TL. (2017). Altered body composition, lipedema, and decreased bone density in individuals with williams syndrome: A preliminary report. Eur J Med Genet 60, 5250-256 S1769-7212(16)30445-1 [pii] .

104. Wollina U. (2017). Lipedema: Up-to-date of a long forgotten disease. Wien Med Wochenschr 167, 13-14343-348 10.1007/s10354-017-0566-2 [doi] .

105. Ainechi S and Carlson JA. (2016). Neutrophilic dermatosis limited to lipo-lymphedematous skin in a morbidly obese woman on dasatinib therapy. Am J Dermatopathol 38, 2e22-6 10.1097/DAD.0000000000000358 [doi] .

106. Amadu V, Vidili G, Muzzu ML, Delitala G, Biondi G, Satta R. (2016). Experience of high-frequency ultrasound in rare skin scalp pathology. G Ital Dermatol Venereol 151, 3300-301 R23Y2016N03A0300 [pii] .

107. Bast JH, Ahmed L, Engdahl R. (2016). Lipedema in patients after bariatric surgery. Surg Obes Relat Dis 12, 51131-1132 S1550-7289(16)30044-2 [pii] .

108. Baumgartner A, Hueppe M, Schmeller W. (2016). Long-term benefit of liposuction in patients with lipoedema: A follow-up study after an average of 4 and 8 years. Br J Dermatol 174, 51061-1067 10.1111/bjd.14289 [doi] .

109. Buck DW,2nd and Herbst KL. (2016). Lipedema: A relatively common disease with extremely common misconceptions. Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 4, 9e1043 10.1097/GOX.0000000000001043 [doi] .

110. Carrasco-Zuber JE, Alvarez-Veliz S, Cataldo-Cerda K, Gonzalez-Bombardiere S. (2016). Lipedematous scalp: A case report and review of the current literature. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 14, 4418-421 10.1111/ddg.12813 [doi] .

111. Dudek JE, Bialaszek W, Ostaszewski P. (2016). Quality of life in women with lipoedema: A contextual behavioral approach. Qual Life Res 25, 2401-408 10.1007/s11136-015-1080-x [doi] .

112. Fetzer A. (2016). Specialist approaches to managing lipoedema. Br J Community Nurs Suppl, S30-5 10.12968/bjcn.2016.21.Sup4.S30 [doi] .

113. O’Neill C. (2016). BJN awards 2016: Oedema and lipoedema nurse of the year runner up 2016. Br J Nurs 25, 13728 10.12968/bjon.2016.25.13.728 [doi] .

114. Schneble N, Wetzker R, Wollina U. (2016). Lipedema lack of evidence for the involvement of tyrosine kinases. J Biol Regul Homeost Agents 30, 1161-163 18 [pii] .

115. Szolnoky G. (2016). Currently the best treatment for lipoedema. Br J Dermatol 174, 5959-960 10.1111/bjd.14449 [doi] .

116. Todd M. (2016). Diagnosis and management of lipoedema in the community. Br J Community Nurs 21, Suppl 10S6-S12 10.12968/bjcn.2016.21.Sup10.S6 [doi] .

117. Todd M, Elwell R, Pritchard E. (2016). Managing chronic oedema and venous disease with made-to-order garments. Br J Community Nurs Suppl, S24-9 10.12968/bjcn.2016.21.Sup4.S24 [doi] .

118. Warren Peled A and Kappos EA. (2016). Lipedema: Diagnostic and management challenges. Int J Womens Health 8, 389-395 10.2147/IJWH.S106227 [doi] .

119. Williams A. (2016). A review of the evidence for adjustable compression wrap devices. J Wound Care 25, 5242-247 10.12968/jowc.2016.25.5.242 [doi] .

120. Atiyeh B, Costagliola M, Illouz YG, Dibo S, Zgheib E, Rampillon F. (2015). Functional and therapeutic indications of liposuction: Personal experience and review of the literature. Ann Plast Surg 75, 2231-245 10.1097/SAP.0000000000000055 [doi] .

121. Bundrick JB and Litin SC. (2015). Clinical pearls in general internal medicine. Dis Mon 61, 8308-318 10.1016/j.disamonth.2015.04.002 [doi] .

122. Couto JA, Maclellan RA, Greene AK. (2015). Management of vascular anomalies and related conditions using suction-assisted tissue removal. Plast Reconstr Surg 136, 4511e-4e 10.1097/PRS.0000000000001558 [doi] .

123. Dietzel R, Reisshauer A, Jahr S, Calafiore D, Armbrecht G. (2015). Body composition in lipoedema of the legs using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry: A case-control study. Br J Dermatol 173, 2594-596 10.1111/bjd.13697 [doi] .

124. Fetzer A and Fetzer S. (2015). Early lipoedema diagnosis and the RCGP e-learning course. Br J Community Nurs Suppl, S22, S24, S26-8 10.12968/bjcn.2015.20.Sup4.S22 [doi] .

125. Fetzer A and Wise C. (2015). Living with lipoedema: Reviewing different self-management techniques. Br J Community Nurs Suppl Chronic, S14, S16-9 10.12968/bjcn.2015.20.Sup10.S14 [doi] .

126. Mason MC. (2015). Taking the plunge with lipoedema. Nurs Stand 29, 4525 10.7748/ns.29.45.25.s23 [doi] .

127. Okhovat JP and Alavi A. (2015). Lipedema: A review of the literature. Int J Low Extrem Wounds 14, 3262-267 10.1177/1534734614554284 [doi] .

128. Teo I and Munnoch DA. (2015). Referral patterns to a surgical lymphoedema service: 10 years of experience. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 68, 101395-1401 10.1016/j.bjps.2015.05.016 [doi] .

129. Truchetet F and Bonhomme A. (2015). Recognising and treating lipidema OMIM 614103. Ann Dermatol Venereol 142, 8-9523-529 10.1016/j.annder.2015.06.011 [doi] .

130. Wollina U, Graf A, Hanisch V. (2015). Acute pulmonary edema following liposuction due to heart failure and atypical pneumonia. Wien Med Wochenschr 165, 9-10189-194 10.1007/s10354-014-0333-6 [doi] .

131. Birkballe S, Jensen MR, Noerregaard S, Gottrup F, Karlsmark T. (2014). Can tissue dielectric constant measurement aid in differentiating lymphoedema from lipoedema in women with swollen legs? Br J Dermatol 170, 196-102 10.1111/bjd.12589 [doi] .

132. Blome C, Augustin M, Heyer K, Knofel J, Cornelsen H, Purwins S, Herberger K. (2014). Evaluation of patient-relevant outcomes of lymphedema and lipedema treatment: Development and validation of a new benefit tool. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 47, 1100-107 10.1016/j.ejvs.2013.10.009 [doi] .

133. Brinkmann V, Wohlrab D, Esmer E, Juch F, Delank KS, Freche S. (2014). Morbid obesity in total knee arthroplasty: A critical case review. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 139, 15774-777 10.1055/s-0034-1369909 [doi] .

134. Elio C, Guaitolini E, Paccasassi S, Rosati N, Cavezzi A. (2014). Application of microcurrents of bioresonance and transdermal delivery of active principles in lymphedema and lipedema of the lower limbs: A pilot study. G Ital Dermatol Venereol 149, 6643-647 R23Y2014N06A0643 [pii] .

135. Pavlov-Dolijanovic SR, Vujasinovic Stupar NZ, Gavrilov N, Seric S. (2014). Lower extremity lipedema, upper extremity lipodystrophy and severe calcinosis complicating juvenile dermatomyositis. Rheumatol Int 34, 111615-1618 10.1007/s00296-014-3031-1 [doi] .

136. Seo CA. (2014). You mean it’s not my fault: Learning about lipedema, a fat disorder. Narrat Inq Bioeth 4, 2E6-9 10.1353/nib.2014.0045 [doi] .

137. Szel E, Kemeny L, Groma G, Szolnoky G. (2014). Pathophysiological dilemmas of lipedema. Med Hypotheses 83, 5599-606 10.1016/j.mehy.2014.08.011 [doi] .

138. Wigg J and Lee N. (2014). Use of compression shorts in the management of lymphoedema and lipoedema. Br J Community Nurs 19 Suppl 10, S30-5 10.12968/bjcn.2014.19.Sup10.S30 [doi] .

139. Wollina U, Heinig B, Nowak A. (2014). Treatment of elderly patients with advanced lipedema: A combination of laser-assisted liposuction, medial thigh lift, and lower partial abdominoplasty. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol 7, 35-42 10.2147/CCID.S56655 [doi] .

140. Wollina U, Heinig B, Schonlebe J, Nowak A. (2014). Debulking surgery for elephantiasis nostras with large ectatic podoplanin-negative lymphatic vessels in patients with lipo-lymphedema. Eplasty 14, e11.

141. de Godoy JM, Barufi S, Godoy Mde F. (2013). Lipedema: Is aesthetic cellulite an aggravating factor for limb perimeter? J Cutan Aesthet Surg 6, 3167-168 10.4103/0974-2077.118431 [doi] .

142. Evans S. (2013). Lipoedema: The first UK patient survey. Br J Community Nurs 18, 4 SupplS26-7 10.12968/bjcn.2013.18.sup4.s26 [doi] .

143. Flour M, Clark M, Partsch H, Mosti G, Uhl JF, Chauveau M, Cros F, Gelade P, Bender D, Andriessen A, Schuren J, Cornu-Thenard A, Arkans E, Milic D, Benigni JP, Damstra R, Szolnoky G, Schingale F. (2013). Dogmas and controversies in compression therapy: Report of an international compression club (ICC) meeting, brussels, may 2011. Int Wound J 10, 5516-526 10.1111/j.1742-481X.2012.01009.x [doi] .

144. Goodliffe JM, Ormerod JO, Beale A, Ramcharitar S. (2013). An under-diagnosed cause of leg swelling. BMJ Case Rep 2013, 10.1136/bcr-2013-009538 10.1136/bcr-2013-009538 [doi] .

145. Herberger K, Blome C, Sandner A, Altheide F, Heyer K, Munter KC, Gottlieb WR, Augustin M. (2013). Quality of care of patients with chronic lymphoedema in germany. Dermatology 226, 3238-246 10.1159/000349988 [doi] .

146. Merrick MT, Hamilton KD, Russo SS. (2013). Acute epidural lipedema: A novel entity and potential complication of bone morphogenetic protein use in lumbar spine fusion. Spine J 13, 10e15-9 10.1016/j.spinee.2013.05.024 [doi] .

147. Reich-Schupke S, Altmeyer P, Stucker M. (2013). Thick legs – not always lipedema. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 11, 3225-233 10.1111/ddg.12024 [doi] .

148. Reich-Schupke S and Stucker M. (2013). Opinion letter to the editor by dr. schuchardt to our article “thick legs – it is not always lipoedema”. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 11, 9879 10.1111/ddg.12192_2 [doi] .

149. Reich-Schupke S and Stucker M. (2013). Opinion letter from prof. dr. W. schmeller regarding our article “thick legs – not always lipedema”. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 11, 7679-681 10.1111/ddg.12129_1 [doi] .

150. Sattler G and Eichner S. (2013). Complications of liposuction. Hautarzt 64, 3171-179 10.1007/s00105-012-2487-8 [doi] .

151. Schellong SM, Wollina U, Unger L, Machetanz J, Stelzner C. (2013). Leg swelling. Internist (Berl) 54, 111294-1303 10.1007/s00108-013-3339-z [doi] .

152. Schmeller W. (2013). Letter to the editor to the article “thick legs – not always lipedema” by reich-schupke S, altmeyer P und stucker M. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 11, 7678-679 10.1111/ddg.12129 [doi] .

153. Schuchhardt C. (2013). Letter regarding “thisk legs – it is not always lipoedema” by von reich-schupke S, AlmeyerP and stucker M. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 11, 9878-879 10.1111/ddg.12192_1 [doi] .

154. Vannelli A, Basilico V, Zanardo M, Caizzone A, Rossi F, Battaglia L, Scaramuzza D. (2013). Pelvic lymphedema in rectal cancer: A magnetic resonance feasibility study: A preliminary report. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 17, 7929-935 3687 [pii] .

155. Forner-Cordero I, Szolnoky G, Forner-Cordero A, Kemeny L. (2012). Lipedema: An overview of its clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment of the disproportional fatty deposition syndrome – systematic review. Clin Obes 2, 3-486-95 10.1111/j.1758-8111.2012.00045.x [doi] .

156. Godoy Mde F, Buzato E, Brigidio PA, Pereira de Godoy JM. (2012). Is lymphostasis an aggravant of lipedema? Case Rep Dermatol 4, 3222-226 10.1159/000342073 [doi] .

157. Hansson E, Svensson H, Brorson H. (2012). Review of dercum’s disease and proposal of diagnostic criteria, diagnostic methods, classification and management. Orphanet J Rare Dis 7, 23-1172-7-23 10.1186/1750-1172-7-23 [doi] .

158. Herbst KL. (2012). Rare adipose disorders (RADs) masquerading as obesity. Acta Pharmacol Sin 33, 2155-172 10.1038/aps.2011.153 [doi] .

159. Peled AW, Slavin SA, Brorson H. (2012). Long-term outcome after surgical treatment of lipedema. Ann Plast Surg 68, 3303-307 10.1097/SAP.0b013e318215791e [doi] .

160. Schmeller W, Hueppe M, Meier-Vollrath I. (2012). Tumescent liposuction in lipoedema yields good long-term results. Br J Dermatol 166, 1161-168 10.1111/j.1365-2133.2011.10566.x [doi] .

161. Szolnoky G, Nemes A, Gavaller H, Forster T, Kemeny L. (2012). Lipedema is associated with increased aortic stiffness. Lymphology 45, 271-79.

162. Thielitz A, Bellutti M, Bonnekoh B, Franke I, Wiede A, Lotzing M, Reinhold D, Gollnick H. (2012). Progressive lipo-lymphedema associated with increased activity of dermal fibroblasts in monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance: Is there a causal relationship? Lymphology 45, 3124-129.

163. Vignes S. (2012). Lipedema: A misdiagnosed entity. J Mal Vasc 37, 4213-218 10.1016/j.jmv.2012.05.002 [doi] .

164. Rapprich S, Dingler A, Podda M. (2011). Liposuction is an effective treatment for lipedema-results of a study with 25 patients. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 9, 133-40 10.1111/j.1610-0387.2010.07504.x [doi] .

165. Schook CC, Mulliken JB, Fishman SJ, Alomari AI, Grant FD, Greene AK. (2011). Differential diagnosis of lower extremity enlargement in pediatric patients referred with a diagnosis of lymphedema. Plast Reconstr Surg 127, 41571-1581 10.1097/PRS.0b013e31820a64f3 [doi] .

166. Shin BW, Sim YJ, Jeong HJ, Kim GC. (2011). Lipedema, a rare disease. Ann Rehabil Med 35, 6922-927 10.5535/arm.2011.35.6.922 [doi] .

167. Szolnoky G, Varga E, Varga M, Tuczai M, Dosa-Racz E, Kemeny L. (2011). Lymphedema treatment decreases pain intensity in lipedema. Lymphology 44, 4178-182.

168. Wagner S. (2011). Lymphedema and lipedema – an overview of conservative treatment. Vasa 40, 4271-279 10.1024/0301-1526/a000115 [doi] .

169. Bano G, Mansour S, Brice G, Ostergaard P, Mortimer PS, Jeffery S, Nussey S. (2010). Pit-1 mutation and lipoedema in a family. Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 118, 6377-380 10.1055/s-0029-1224154 [doi] .

170. Child AH, Gordon KD, Sharpe P, Brice G, Ostergaard P, Jeffery S, Mortimer PS. (2010). Lipedema: An inherited condition. Am J Med Genet A 152A, 4970-976 10.1002/ajmg.a.33313 [doi] .

171. Fife CE, Maus EA, Carter MJ. (2010). Lipedema: A frequently misdiagnosed and misunderstood fatty deposition syndrome. Adv Skin Wound Care 23, 281-92; quiz 93-4 10.1097/01.ASW.0000363503.92360.91 [doi] .

172. Herbst KL and Rutledge T. (2010). Pilot study: Rapidly cycling hypobaric pressure improves pain after 5 days in adiposis dolorosa. J Pain Res 3, 147-153 10.2147/JPR.S12351 [doi] .

173. Naouri M, Samimi M, Atlan M, Perrodeau E, Vallin C, Zakine G, Vaillant L, Machet L. (2010). High-resolution cutaneous ultrasonography to differentiate lipoedema from lymphoedema. Br J Dermatol 163, 2296-301 10.1111/j.1365-2133.2010.09810.x [doi] .

174. Pascucci A and Lynch PJ. (2010). Lipedema with multiple lipomas. Dermatol Online J 16, 94.

175. Pereira De Godoy JM, De Moura Alvares R, Simon Torati JL, De Fatima Guerreiro Godoy M. (2010). Clinical aspects of advanced stage lipo-lymphedema: Case report. G Ital Dermatol Venereol 145, 4547-549 R23103985 [pii] .

176. Szolnoky G and Kemeny L. (2010). Lipoedema: From clinical presentation to therapy. further aspects. Br J Dermatol 162, 4889-2133.2009.09619.x. Epub 2010 Jan 29 10.1111/j.1365-2133.2009.09619.x [doi] .

177. Taute BM, Melnyk H, Podhaisky H. (2010). Alternative sonographic diagnoses in patients with clinical suspicion of deep vein thrombosis. Med Klin (Munich) 105, 9619-626 10.1007/s00063-010-1101-z [doi] .

178. Todd M. (2010). Lipoedema: Presentation and management. Br J Community Nurs 15, 4S10-6 10.12968/bjcn.2010.15.Sup3.47363 [doi] .

179. Wollina U, Goldman A, Heinig B. (2010). Microcannular tumescent liposuction in advanced lipedema and dercum’s disease. G Ital Dermatol Venereol 145, 2151-159 R23104015 [pii] .

180. Greene AK, Karnes J, Padua HM, Schmidt BA, Kasser JR, Labow BI. (2009). Diffuse lipofibromatosis of the lower extremity masquerading as a vascular anomaly. Ann Plast Surg 62, 6703-706 10.1097/SAP.0b013e3181a13df6 [doi] .

181. Langendoen SI, Habbema L, Nijsten TE, Neumann HA. (2009). Lipoedema: From clinical presentation to therapy. A review of the literature. Br J Dermatol 161, 5980-986 10.1111/j.1365-2133.2009.09413.x [doi] .

182. Lohrmann C, Foeldi E, Langer M. (2009). MR imaging of the lymphatic system in patients with lipedema and lipo-lymphedema. Microvasc Res 77, 3335-339 10.1016/j.mvr.2009.01.005 [doi] .

183. Stutz JJ and Krahl D. (2009). Water jet-assisted liposuction for patients with lipoedema: Histologic and immunohistologic analysis of the aspirates of 30 lipoedema patients. Aesthetic Plast Surg 33, 2153-162 10.1007/s00266-008-9214-y [doi] .

184. Suga H, Araki J, Aoi N, Kato H, Higashino T, Yoshimura K. (2009). Adipose tissue remodeling in lipedema: Adipocyte death and concurrent regeneration. J Cutan Pathol 36, 121293-1298 10.1111/j.1600-0560.2009.01256.x [doi] .

185. Vignes S, Coupe M, Baulieu F, Vaillant L, Groupe Recommandations de la Societe Francaise de Lymphologie. (2009). Limb lymphedema: Diagnosis, explorations, complications. french lymphology society. J Mal Vasc 34, 5314-322 S0398-0499(09)00242-X [pii] .

186. Wenczl E. (2009). Skin manifestations, treatment and rehabilitation in overweight and obesity. Orv Hetil 150, 371731-1738 10.1556/OH.2009.28693 [doi] .

187. Zechner U, Kohlschmidt N, Kempf O, Gebauer K, Haug K, Engels H, Haaf T, Bartsch O. (2009). Familial sotos syndrome caused by a novel missense mutation, C2175S, in NSD1 and associated with normal intelligence, insulin dependent diabetes, bronchial asthma, and lipedema. Eur J Med Genet 52, 5306-310 10.1016/j.ejmg.2009.06.001 [doi] .

188. Fife CE and Carter MJ. (2008). Lymphedema in the morbidly obese patient: Unique challenges in a unique population. Ostomy Wound Manage 54, 144-56.

189. Kenani N, Ghariani N, Trimeche M, Belajouza C, Denguezli M, Nouira R. (2008). Pseudocondylomatous lymphangiectasia of the vulva secondary to lipoedema. Ann Dermatol Venereol 135, 4341-343 10.1016/j.annder.2007.11.025 [doi] .

190. Kroger K. (2008). Lymphoedema and lipoedema of the extremities. Vasa 37, 139-51 10.1024/0301-1526.37.1.39 [doi] .

191. Radhakrishnan K and Rockson SG. (2008). The clinical spectrum of lymphatic disease. Ann N Y Acad Sci 1131, 155-184 10.1196/annals.1413.015 [doi] .

192. Szolnoky G, Borsos B, Barsony K, Balogh M, Kemeny L. (2008). Complete decongestive physiotherapy with and without pneumatic compression for treatment of lipedema: A pilot study. Lymphology 41, 140-44.

193. Szolnoky G, Nagy N, Kovacs RK, Dosa-Racz E, Szabo A, Barsony K, Balogh M, Kemeny L. (2008). Complex decongestive physiotherapy decreases capillary fragility in lipedema. Lymphology 41, 4161-166.

194. Wenczl E and Daroczy J. (2008). Lipedema, a barely known disease: Diagnosis, associated diseases and therapy. Orv Hetil 149, 452121-2127 10.1556/OH.2008.28490 [doi] .

195. Bollinger A and Amann-Vesti BR. (2007). Fluorescence microlymphography: Diagnostic potential in lymphedema and basis for the measurement of lymphatic pressure and flow velocity. Lymphology 40, 252-62.

196. El Darouti MA, Marzouk SA, Mashaly HM, El Nabarawi EA, Abdel-Halim MR, El Komy MM, Hafez VG, Abdel Reheem HM, Moussa KM. (2007). Lipedema and lipedematous alopecia: Report of 10 new cases. Eur J Dermatol 17, 4351-352 ejd.2007.0226 [pii] .

197. Fonder MA, Loveless JW, Lazarus GS. (2007). Lipedema, a frequently unrecognized problem. J Am Acad Dermatol 57, 2 SupplS1-3 S0190-9622(06)02558-8 [pii] .

198. Tsukanov I and Tsukanov AI. (2007). Syndrome of lower limb volume enlargement in varicosity: Causes and medical approaches. Angiol Sosud Khir 13, 485-91.

199. Warren AG, Janz BA, Borud LJ, Slavin SA. (2007). Evaluation and management of the fat leg syndrome. Plast Reconstr Surg 119, 19e-15e 10.1097/01.prs.0000244909.82805.dc [doi] .

200. Schmeller W and Meier-Vollrath I. (2006). Tumescent liposuction: A new and successful therapy for lipedema. J Cutan Med Surg 10, 17-10 10.1007/7140.2006.00006 [doi] .

201. Terranova F, Berardesca E, Maibach H. (2006). Cellulite: Nature and aetiopathogenesis. Int J Cosmet Sci 28, 3157-167 10.1111/j.1467-2494.2006.00316.x [doi] .

202. Tiwari A, Myint F, Hamilton G. (2006). Management of lower limb lymphoedema in the united kingdom. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 31, 3311-315 S1078-5884(05)00636-2 [pii] .

203. Vignes S. (2006). Lipoedema. Ann Dermatol Venereol 133, 191-93 MDOI-AD-01-2006-133-1-0151-9638-101019-200517331 [pii] .

204. Ekmekci TR, Ayabakan O, Sakiz D, Koslu A. (2005). Kaposi sarcoma associated with lipoedema. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 19, 3352-354 JDV1098 [pii] .

205. Siems W, Grune T, Voss P, Brenke R. (2005). Anti-fibrosclerotic effects of shock wave therapy in lipedema and cellulite. Biofactors 24, 1-4275-282 10.1002/biof.5520240132 [doi] .

206. Boursier V, Pecking A, Vignes S. (2004). Comparative analysis of lymphoscintigraphy between lipedema and lower limb lymphedema. J Mal Vasc 29, 5257-261 MDOI-JMV-12-2004-29-5-0398-0499-101019-ART5 [pii] .

207. Chen SG, Hsu SD, Chen TM, Wang HJ. (2004). Painful fat syndrome in a male patient. Br J Plast Surg 57, 3282-286 10.1016/j.bjps.2003.12.020 [doi] .

208. Fries R. (2004). Differential diagnosis of leg edema. MMW Fortschr Med 146, 1639-41.

209. Koss T, Lanatra N, Stiller MJ, Grossman ME. (2004). An unusual combination: Lipedema with myiasis. J Am Acad Dermatol 50, 6969-972 10.1016/j.jaad.2003.11.056 [doi] .

210. Meier-Vollrath I and Schmeller W. (2004). Lipoedema–current status, new perspectives. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 2, 3181-186 10.1046/j.1439-0353.2004.04051.x [doi] .

211. Sattler G, Bergfeld D, Sommer B. (2004). Liposuction. Hautarzt 55, 7599-604 10.1007/s00105-004-0762-z [doi] .

212. Taylor NE, Foster WC, Wick MR, Patterson JW. (2004). Tumefactive lipedema with pseudoxanthoma elasticum-like microscopic changes. J Cutan Pathol 31, 2205-209 168 [pii] .

213. Macdonald JM, Sims N, Mayrovitz HN. (2003). Lymphedema, lipedema, and the open wound: The role of compression therapy. Surg Clin North Am 83, 3639-658 S0039-6109(02)00201-3 [pii] .

214. Tiwari A, Cheng KS, Button M, Myint F, Hamilton G. (2003). Differential diagnosis, investigation, and current treatment of lower limb lymphedema. Arch Surg 138, 2152-161 ssa2105 [pii] .

215. Monnin-Delhom ED, Gallix BP, Achard C, Bruel JM, Janbon C. (2002). High resolution unenhanced computed tomography in patients with swollen legs. Lymphology 35, 3121-128.

216. Pecking AP, Desprez-Curely JP, Cluzan RV. (2002). Tests and imaging of the lymphatic system. Rev Med Interne 23 Suppl 3, 391s-397s S0248-8663(02)80381-2 [pii] .

217. Amann-Vesti BR, Franzeck UK, Bollinger A. (2001). Microlymphatic aneurysms in patients with lipedema. Lymphology 34, 4170-175.

218. Stiefelhagen P. (2001). No lymphedema, no obesity. how can lipedema be treated? MMW Fortschr Med 143, 35-3615.

219. Fair KP, Knoell KA, Patterson JW, Rudd RJ, Greer KE. (2000). Lipedematous alopecia: A clinicopathologic, histologic and ultrastructural study. J Cutan Pathol 27, 149-53 10.1034/j.1600-0560.2000.027001049.x [doi] .

220. Foldi M and Idiazabal G. (2000). The role of operative management of varicose veins in patients with lymphedema and/or lipedema of the legs. Lymphology 33, 4167-171.

221. Herbst, K. L. (2000) Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue Diseases: Dercum Disease, Lipedema, Familial Multiple Lipomatosis, and Madelung Disease. In: Feingold, K. R., Anawalt, B., Boyce, A., Chrousos, G., Dungan, K., Grossman, A., Hershman, J. M., Kaltsas, G., Koch, C., Kopp, P., Korbonits, M., McLachlan, R., Morley, J. E., New, M., Perreault, L., Purnell, J., Rebar, R., Singer, F., Trence, D. L., Vinik, A. & Wilson, D. P. (eds.). Endotext. South Dartmouth (MA),, Inc.

222. Ignjatovic M, Jevtic M, Cerovic S. (2000). Lipedema complicated with lymphedema and chyloderma. Vojnosanit Pregl 57, 3347-351.

223. Zelikovski A, Haddad M, Koren A, Avrahami R, Loewinger J. (2000). Lipedema complicated by lymphedema of the abdominal wall and lower limbs. Lymphology 33, 243-46.

224. Ignjatovic M and Cerovic S. (1999). Lipedema of the leg associated with dermatomyositis. Vojnosanit Pregl 56, 4439-443.

225. Brautigam P, Foldi E, Schaiper I, Krause T, Vanscheidt W, Moser E. (1998). Analysis of lymphatic drainage in various forms of leg edema using two compartment lymphoscintigraphy. Lymphology 31, 243-55.

226. Brautigam P, Vanscheidt W, Foldi E, Krause T, Moser E. (1997). Involvement of the lymphatic system in primary non-lymphogenic edema of the leg. studies with 2-compartment lymphoscintigraphy. Hautarzt 48, 8556-567 10.1007/s001050050627 [doi] .

227. Dimakakos PB, Stefanopoulos T, Antoniades P, Antoniou A, Gouliamos A, Rizos D. (1997). MRI and ultrasonographic findings in the investigation of lymphedema and lipedema. Int Surg 82, 4411-416.

228. Harwood CA, Bull RH, Evans J, Mortimer PS. (1996). Lymphatic and venous function in lipoedema. Br J Dermatol 134, 11-6.

229. Bilancini S, Lucchi M, Tucci S, Eleuteri P. (1995). Functional lymphatic alterations in patients suffering from lipedema. Angiology 46, 4333-339 10.1177/000331979504600408 [doi] .

230. Ciocon JO, Galindo-Ciocon D, Galindo DJ. (1995). Raised leg exercises for leg edema in the elderly. Angiology 46, 119-25 10.1177/000331979504600103 [doi] .

231. Herpertz U. (1995). Lipedema. Z Lymphol 19, 11-11.

232. Weissleder H, Brauer JW, Schuchhardt C, Herpertz U. (1995). Value of functional lymphoscintigraphy and indirect lymphangiography in lipedema syndrome. Z Lymphol 19, 238-41.

233. Rudkin GH and Miller TA. (1994). Lipedema: A clinical entity distinct from lymphedema. Plast Reconstr Surg 94, 6841-7; discussion 848-9.

234. Bollinger A. (1993). Microlymphatics of human skin. Int J Microcirc Clin Exp 12, 11-15.

235. Cambria RA, Gloviczki P, Naessens JM, Wahner HW. (1993). Noninvasive evaluation of the lymphatic system with lymphoscintigraphy: A prospective, semiquantitative analysis in 386 extremities. J Vasc Surg 18, 5773-782 S0741521493003398 [pii] .

236. Werner GT and Rodiek SO. (1993). Value of nuclear magnetic resonance tomography in leg edema of unknown origin. preliminary report. Z Lymphol 17, 12-5.

237. Duewell S, Hagspiel KD, Zuber J, von Schulthess GK, Bollinger A, Fuchs WA. (1992). Swollen lower extremity: Role of MR imaging. Radiology 184, 1227-231 10.1148/radiology.184.1.1609085 [doi] .

238. Wienert V and Leeman S. (1991). Lipedema. Hautarzt 42, 8484-486.

239. Bilancini S, Lucchi M, Tucci S. (1990). Lipedema: Clinical and diagnostic criteria. Angiologia 42, 4133-137.

240. Vaughan BF. (1990). CT of swollen legs. Clin Radiol 41, 124-30 S0009-9260(05)80927-4 [pii] .

241. Ludwig M and Vetter H. (1989). Diagnosis and differential diagnosis of swollen leg. Schweiz Rundsch Med Prax 78, 37987-992.

242. Partsch H, Stoberl C, Urbanek A, Wenzel-Hora BI. (1988). Clinical use of indirect lymphography in different forms of leg edema. Lymphology 21, 3152-160.

243. Gregl A. (1987). Lipedema. Z Lymphol 11, 241-43.

244. Jagtman BA and Kuiper JP. (1987). Lipedema of the legs. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 131, 9345-348.

245. Schmitz R. (1987). Lipedema from the differential diagnostic and therapeutic viewpoint. Z Hautkr 62, 2146-157.

246. Hadjis NS, Carr DH, Banks L, Pflug JJ. (1985). The role of CT in the diagnosis of primary lymphedema of the lower limb. AJR Am J Roentgenol 144, 2361-364 10.2214/ajr.144.2.361 [doi] .

247. Beninson J and Edelglass JW. (1984). Lipedema–the non-lymphatic masquerader. Angiology 35, 8506-510 10.1177/000331978403500806 [doi] .

248. Jagtman BA, Kuiper JP, Brakkee AJ. (1984). Measurements of skin elasticity in patients with lipedema of the moncorps “rusticanus” type. Phlebologie 37, 3315-319.

249. Foldi E, Foldi M, Tischendorf F. (1983). Adipositas, lipedema and lymphostasis. Med Welt 34, 7198-200.

250. Reinharez D. (1983). Lipedema and cellulite. Soins (402), 40225-28.

251. Brunner U. (1982). Vascular diseases in lipedema of the legs. special symptoms, common therapeutic results, viewpoint on vascular surgery. Schweiz Med Wochenschr 112, 331130-1137.

252. Schmitz R. (1981). Lipedema–the fat leg of the healthy woman. Z Lymphol 5, 126-29.

253. Schmitz R. (1980). Lipoedema. Gynakologe 13, 2102-105.

254. Schmitz R. (1980). Lipedema–the fat leg of the healthy woman. Med Welt 31, 21798-800.

255. Young JR. (1977). The swollen leg. Am Fam Physician 15, 1163-173.

256. Singer A. (1974). Letter: Lipedema. Jama 229, 111420 10.1001/jama.229.11.1420c [doi] .

257. Rank BK and Wong GS. (1966). Lipoedema. Aust N Z J Surg 35, 3166-169.

258. HINES EA,Jr. (1952). Lipedema and physiologic edema. Proc Staff Meet Mayo Clin 27, 17-9.

259. WOLD LE, HINES EA,Jr, ALLEN EV. (1951). Lipedema of the legs; a syndrome characterized by fat legs and edema. Ann Intern Med 34, 51243-1250 10.7326/0003-4819-34-5-1243 [doi] .